The bone marrow, peripheral blood or umbilical cord blood transplant
A hematopoietic transplant is another form of treatment which can be used in certain cases.
• The bone marrow of the patient (which produces the malign cells), is destroyed by administering a high dosage of medication and radiotherapy, and replacing it with a healthy bone marrow. The latter option can be carried out using a donor (allogeneic transplant) or the patient themselves (autologous transplant).
• Although hematopoietic transplants were traditionally carried out using hematopoietic stem cells from the bone marrow (bone marrow transplant), nowadays they are usually performed with the stem cells from the venous blood. This is made possible after stimulating the passage of hematopoietic stem cells from the bone marrow. Another possible source is from the umbilical cord blood (which is rich in hematopoietic stem cells and obtained in the moment of delivery).
Read online the "Guide about the bone marrow, peripheral blood and umbilical cord blood transplant" (in Spanish)
• Bone marrow transplant, resource of the medical encyclopedia, Medline
• "Transplant of the bone marrow and transplant of the peripheral blood stem cells", resource of the National Cancer Institute